Cotton is considered as king among natural fibers however cotton knits or cotton blends have prominent problem of pilling. Pilling is defined as the tendency of fibres to loose from a surface and form balled or matted particles that remain attached to the surface of the fabric. This affects fabric aesthetics and comfort and for the manufacturer affects the appearance and wear-ability of finished apparels while shortening the life span of garments. The other benefits derived from removing pills are – improvement in pill resistance, cooler fill, brighter luminosity of colors and softness.
There are multiple ways to reduce pilling like applying surface active agents though it affects the hydrophilicity and subsequent washes may make fabric harsh and fuzzy.
The other methods are Shearing, Singeing or Enzymatic treatment. Singeing particularly has the real potential to scorch the fabric surface. Currently Enzymes are considered to be best method as it holds qualities of being efficient, safe and permanent in nature. Cellulase enzymes give fabrics a clear and even surface appearance. Moreover, they accomplish this without polluting the environment.
Advantages of using enzymes for bio-finishing
Hairiness, fluffs and pills are removed
Material texture relaxation and Material sticking (the burr effect) is prevented
Improves handle and luster helps in better sew ability
Achievement of softness, surface smoothness and a clear structural appearance
Stone wash effect without pumice stone and dyestuffdestroying chemicals
A lower uneven quality can be converted into elegant, lustrous soft quality.
Trichoderma reesei produces acid cellulase—highly aggressive enzymes which lead to quick process completion. The specific process of bio-polishing ensures a controlled action of enzymes. One process at a time gives an advantage of better reproducibility in terms of the bio-polishing effect. It works best in the pH range of 4.5–5.
Acid bio-polishing gives excellent puckering and more grains when used in denim bio-washing. A high level of surface modifications can be achieved without pumice stones, which reduces machine wear and tear as well as fabric damages.
Profib ACE is a highly aggressive liquid acid bio-polishing agent for denim, knits and garment material.
Profib GREEN is an economical, highly aggressive acid bio-polishing agent for Cotton Knits and denim garments.
Neutral cellulase is based on the fungus ‘humicola’. Neutral bio-polishing can be applied in multiple processes like only bio-polishing, bio-polishing and killer or bio-polishing and dyeing. Temperature is between 50-60°C and pH range is from 5.5 to 7.5.
Proneutra AQUA+ is GOTS-approved neutral liquid bio-polishing agent for removal of protruding hair from the surface of the cotton fibre at any stage without affecting the subsequent process. It is suitable for all types of substrates.
Proneutra ECO is an economical, neutral bio-polishing agent for towel and open structure fabrics ensures removal of protruding hair from the surface of the cotton fibre at any stage without affecting the subsequent process.
Biofade N60 is an engineered cellulase enzyme which you get in powder form for denim bio-washing. It is stable on wide pH ranges and gives maximum grains with maximum colour fading at acidic pH, whereas at neutral pH the result is minimum colour loss with excellent grains. It has high abrasive activity which it gets by removal of the indigo trapped inside the fibres of denim garments. This helps impart a fancy stone-wash effect. This enzyme is designed to offer a complete removal of protruding hair with a stone wash and salt effect on denim garments. Biofade N60 improves the texture, appearance and softness of fabric and is recommended for use as bio-polishing for all types of cellulosic materials.
HIACE is a Cellulase Enzyme, advantageous & economical neutral bio polishing agent for removal of protruding hair from surface of the cotton fiber at any stage without affecting the subsequent process.
HIACE gives a clean soft handle with de-pilling effect on Dyed cellulosic material with zero color loss when applied on dyed cellulase. It gives complete color value when applied in dyeing bath.
Proneutra DML is a Cellulase Enzyme. This economical liquid bio-polishing agent gives complete color yield when applied in dyeing bath. Proneutra DML offers a clean soft handle with de-pilling effect on Dyed cellulosic material with zero color loss.
Proneutra RAN100 is a neutral cellulase enzyme for bio washing of denim with virtually no back staining with excellence grains with minimum color loss.
Proneutra RAN 100 is in powder form for more stability and durability as compared to Liquid.
Proneutra NCP is a cellulase enzyme based concentrated and economical neutral bio polishing agent for removal of protruding hair from surface of the cotton fiber at any stage without affecting the subsequent process. Proneutra NCP is suitable for denim as well as for cotton & its blend.
PRONEUTRA 2 IC is a neutral bio-polishing agent works at room temperature. It is best suitable for bio-polishing on yarn dyed or printed fabric, as it minimizes the tendency of bleeding and staining of color due to temperature and high acidic pH. There is no requirement of Acid and steam.
Proneutra 2 IC also holds the qualities of providing excellent salt-n-pepper effect, optimum puckering and offering large grain size with virtual nil back staining and complete removal of fuzz and gives clean and fresh look to garment.
Proneutra RAZR (+) is the latest innovation in bio-technology with competitive edge of Bio-polishing Agent for its property of minimum lint formation and freedom from micro lint dust. It comes with a Charge Off Technology, offers a solution to your micro lint problems without adding any extra chemical and extra process.
Proneutra RAZR (+) stable on wide pH range from 5.5 to 7.5; it gives complete colour value when applied in dyeing bath. Proneutra RAZR (+) Keeps all micro lint-dust in suspended form & does not allow re-depositing on substrate. Being in Powder Form, it is much more stable than liquids.